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Techniques for Dialogic Reading

Dialogic reading means taking turns in a conversation, or dialog, about a book or reading and talking about it.  Researchers have determined that when children are engaged in repeating, correcting and expanding their use of language involved with a book, they improve their language and literacy skills. And language is necessary for learning to read and write. There are two types of sequences that help to create the dialog: PEER and CROWD. 

 The Read Together, Talk Together program, based on the work of Grover J. Whitehurst, teaches teachers and parents how to use dialogic reading techniques with young children. 

 The PEER Sequence

P          Prompt

E          Evaluate

E          Expand

R         Repeat

This sequence can be used with almost any book that you read with a child. 

 P=Prompt                  Ask the child a question or invite the child to talk about

                                     something on the page.

 E=Evaluate                Think about what the child says.Is their answer correct?

                                    Can you add any information?

 E=Expand                  Add a few words to the child’s response. Sometimes you may

                                    need to gently provide the correct response.

 R=Repeat                   Ask the child to repeat the expanded or correct response.


The CROWD Sequence

The kinds of questions that you ask a very young child are different from the questions you ask an older child.  By using these different prompts, you can help build a younger child’s verbal language skills and vocabulary.  The CROWD sequence helps you use different types of questioning for dialogic reading. 

C         Completion

R         Recall

O         Open-ended

W         Wh… prompts (Who, What, When, Where & How)

D         Distancing

As you use the information below, remember that recall and distancing questions should only be used with 3-5 year olds. 

 C=Completion           Ask the child to complete a word or phrase. Completionquestions are often used in books that rhyme. 

 R=Recall                    Ask the child about details regarding things that happen in a story.

 O=Open-ended         Have the child tell you what is happening in a picture or in the words on the page.

 W=Wh-prompts         Point to something and ask the child to name the object or action. Or ask child what is happening in the    story from the words that have been read.

 D=Distancing             Ask questions that relate to something in the story and to thechild’s life. (In other words, have the child make connections to real life experiences.)

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